Abdul Qayyum Khan
Abdul Qayyum Khan was born on 16 July 1901 in Chitral. He was a major figure in Pakistan politics, in particular in theKhyber Pakhtunkhwa province where he was deputy speaker, Chief Minister and Minister in the Central Government and as Federal Interior Minister.
Qayyum Khan, a barrister by profession, was of Kashmiri origin. Abdul Qayum Khan was one of the eminent lawyers.During his professional career he conducted some very important cases. He used to practice in criminal law. Mirza Shams ul Haq was his most trustworthy colleague, who remained always close to him during profession and politics.
Formerly a member of the Indian National Congress, Khan Abdul Qayyum Khan had served as an elected member of the Central Legislative Assembly (1937–38) as well as the deputy leader of the Congress in the Assembly. He once claimed to be an ardent admirer of Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan, so much so that he authored a book: Gold and Guns, in which he praised the leadership of Bacha Khan and his political vision and mission.
He joined the Muslim League in the mid-1940s and became a key figure in the Pakistan movement in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. He was a strict ruler, his administration was known for its development work in the province, for the construction of Peshawar University and the Warsak dam and his opposition to the Khudai Khidmatgar movement. He led the Muslim League to a landslide victory in the 1951 elections, despite opposition from the Khudai Khidmatgar movement and opposition from federally backed fellow Muslim league opponents like Yusuf Khattak.
He served as Central Minister for Industries, Food and Agriculture Minister in 1953.
Arrested by the Ayub Khan regime, he was disqualified from politics and imprisoned for two years before finally being released.
Contesting the 1970 elections from three seats as leader of the Pakistan Muslim League-Qayyum faction he won two National Assembly seats one provincial seat and in 1973 entered into alliance with the Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP) after East Pakistan broke away in the Bangladesh Liberation War.
Appointed Federal interior Minister by Zulfiqar Bhutto he served in that post till the 1977 elections when his party suffered a near total rout. After Zia-ul-Haqs assumption of power, Qayyum Khan tried to unify all the disparate Muslim League factions. His efforts were inconclusive and he died on 22 October 1981.