The Prisons Act 1894




1.    Title, extent and commencement. 3.    [Repealed].
3.    Definitions.                                  

maintenance and offichrs of prisons

4.    Accommodation for prisoners.
5.   Inspector-General.
6.   Officers of Prisons.
7.   Temporary accommodation for prisoners.

DUTIES OF officers

8.    Control and duties of officers of prisons
9.    Officers not to have business dealings with prisoners.
10.    Officers not to be interested in prison-contracts.

11.    Superintendent.
12.    Records to be kept by Superintendent.

Medical Officer

13.        Duties of Medical Officer.
14.        Medical Officer to report in certain cases.
15.        Report on death of prisoner
16.    Jailer
17.    Jailer to give notice of death of prisoner.
18.    Responsibility of Jailer
19.   Jailer to be present at night.
20.   Powers of Deputy and Assistant Jailers.

Subordinate Officers

21.    Duties of gate-keeper.
22.    Subordinate officers not to be absent without leave.
23.    Convict Officers.

admission, removal and discharge of prisoners
24.    Prisoners to be examined on admission.
25.    Effects of Prisoners.
26.    Removal and discharge of prisoners.

discipline of prisoners
27.    Separation of Prisoners.
28.    Association and segregation of prisoners.
29.    Solitary confinement
30.    Prisoners under sentence of death,

food,  clothing  and bedding of civil  and unconvicted criminal prisoners
31.    Maintenance of certain prisoners from private sources.
32.    Restriction on transfer of food and clothing between certain prisoners.
33.    Supply of clothing  and  bedding  to  civil   and unconvicted criminal prisoners.

employment of prisoners

34.    Employment of Civil Prisoners
35.    Employment of Criminal Prisoners.
36.    Employment of Criminal   prisoners   sentenced   to   simple imprisonment.

health of prisoneks.

37.    Sick prisoners
38.    Record of directions of Medical Officers.
39.    Hospital
Visits to prisoners

40.    Visits lo Civil and unconvinced Criminal Prisoners.
41.    Search of visitors.
offkncfs in relation to prisons

42.  Penalty for introduction or removal of prohibited  articles in to or from prison and communication   with   prisoners.

43.    Power to arrest for offence under section 42.
44.    Publication of penalties.

45.       Prison-Offences.
46.       Punishment of such offences.
47.       Plurality of punishments under section 46.
48.       Award of punishments under sections 46 and 47.
49.       Punishments to be in accordance with foregoing sections,
50.       Medical Officer to certify to fitness of prisoner for punishment.
51.       Entries in punishment-book.
52.       Procedure on committal of heinous offence.
53.       Whipping.
54.       Offences by prison subordinates.


55.    Extramural custody, control and employment of prisoners.
56.    Confinement  in  irons.
57.    Confinement of prisoners under sentence of transportation in irons.
58.    Prisoners not to be ironed by Jailer except under necessity.
59.    Power to make rules.
60.    [Repealed].
61.    Exhibition of copies of rules.
62.    Exercise of powers of Superintendent and Medical Officer.

THE SCHEDULE- ([Repealed].
(Act No. IX of 1894).
[22nd March,   1894]
An Act to amend the Law relating to Prisons .
whereas it is expedient to amend the law relating to  prisons iff 2fPakistan], and to provide rules for the regulation of such prisons;
It  is hereby enacted as follows:

  1. This Act may be called the Prisons Act, 1894.

3[(£) It extends to the whole of Pakistan].
(3) It shall come into force on the first day of July, 1894.
(4) Nothing in this Act shall apply to civil jails in 4[Sindand the 5[Karachi Division], and those jails shall continue to be admi­nistered under the provisions of sections 9 to 16 (both inclusive) of 6Bombay Act IT of 1874, as amended by subsequent enactments.

1.      For Statement of Objects and Reasons, .see Gazette of India, 1894, Pi V, p. 14 ; for Report of the Select Committee, see ibid., p. 63, and for. Proceedings in Council, see ibid.Pt. VI, pp. 10,21,93, 126 and 139.
This Act has been applied to Phulera in the Excluded Area of Upper Tanawalto the cxicnt the Act is applicable in the N. W. P.P. .subject to certain modifications, .tee N. W. F. P. (Upper Tanawal) (Excluded Area) laws Regulation, 1950.
It has been extended to the Leased Areas of Baluchistan, see the Leased Areas (Laws) Order, 1950 (G.G.O.1II of 1950), and applied in the Federated Areas of Baluchistan, see Gazette of India 1937, pt. I, p. 1499.
It has been extended to the Excluded Area of Upper  Tanawai other than   Phulera by the N.W.F.P. (Upper Tanawal) (Excluded Area) Laws   Regulation, 1950 and declared to be in force in that area with effect from 1st June, 1951, see N.W. F. P. Gazette, Exta ordinary, dated 1st June, 1951.
2.    Subs, by the Central Laws (Statute Reform) Ordinance, 1960 (XXI of 1960), s. 3 and 2nd Sen, (with effect from  14th October,   1955), for "the Provinces and the Capital of the Federa­tion" which had been subs, by A. O., 1949, Arts. 3 (2)  and 4, for "British India".
3.      Subs, by Ord. XXI of I960,3 and 2nd Sch, (with effect from the 14th October, 1955), for the existing sub-section (2), as amended by the Federal Laws (Revision and  Declaration) Act, 1951 (XXVI of 1951).
4.      Subs, by A.O.. 1949, Sch., for "the Presidency of Bombay out-side  the City of Bombay".
5.      Subs, by A.O., 1964 Art 2 and Sch. for" Federal Territory of Karachi" which has been subs, by the Repealing and Amending Ordinance, 1961 (I of 1961), s. 3 and 2nd Sch., for "Capital of the Federation".
6.      The Civil Jails Act, 1874.

PRISONS                                                                               Act IX1894
2.    [Repeal].    Rep. by the Repealing Act, 1938 (/ of 1938) j. 2 and Schedule.

3.    In this Act—

(1) "prison" means any jail or place used permanently or tempo­rarily under the general or special orders of a '[Provincial Government] for the detention of prisoners, and includes all lands and buildings appurtenant thereto but does not include-

(a)   any place for the confinement of prisoners who are exclu­sively in the custody of the police;

(b)   any place specially appointed by the J[Provincial Govern­ment] under section 541 of the 2Code of Criminal Proce­dure. 1882;or

(c)   any place which has bee \\ declared by the i [Provincial Govern­ment], by general or Special order, to be a subsidiary jail.
(2) "criminal prisoner" means any   prisoner duly   committed to custody under the writ, warrant or order of any Court  or authority exercising criminal  jurisdiction,  or by order of  a Court-martial:
(3) "convicted criminal  prisoner" means any criminal prisoner under sentence of a   Court   or   Court-martial, and   includes a person detained in prison under the provisions   of Chapter VIII of the 2Code of Criminal Procedure, 18,82, or under the
Prisoners Act, 1871:
(4) "civil prisoner" means any  prisoner   who is not a criminal prisoner:
(5) "remission system" means the rules for the time being in force regulating the award of marks to, and the consequent shorten­ing of sentences of, prisoners in jails:
(6) "history-ticket" means the ticket exhibiting such information as is required in respect of each prisoner by this Act or the rules thereunder;

(7) and (7-A) •*(*****].

1.      Subs- by A.O., 1937, 1'or "Local Government."
2.      Now the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1808.
3.      Now the Prisoners Act, 1900.

4.      Clause (7-A) was inserted by W. P. Act XL1 of 1958:; however, this clause and clause {7) deleted by W P. Act XXV of 1962.
Act IX 1894-                                             PRISONS                            
(8) "medical subordinate" means an Assistant Surgeon, Apothe­cary or qualified Hospital Assistant: and
(9) "prohibited article" means an article the introduction or re­moval of which into or out of a prison is prohibited by any rule under this Act.
maintenance and officers or prisons

4. The '[Provincial Government] shall provide, for the prisoners in the territories under such Government, accommodation in prisons constructed and regulated in such manner as to comply with the requisitions of this Act in respect of the separation of prisoners.

Accommodation for prisoners.

2["5. Inspector-General of Prisons.— An Inspector-General of Prisons shall be appointed by the Provincial Government and shall exercise, subject to the orders of the Provincial Government, the General Control and Superintendence of Prisons and the staff employ­ed in the Prisons."]

Inspector General of Prisons.

6. For every prison there shall be a Superintendent, a Medical Officer (who may also be the Superintendent), a Medical Subordinate, a Jailer and such other officers as the '[Provincial Government] thinks necessary.

Officers of Prisons.

3 [* *   *          *          *          *          *]

7. When ever it appears to the 4[inspector general of Prisons] that the number of prisoners in any prison is greater than can con­veniently or safely be kept therein, and it is not convenient to transfer the excess number to some other prison,

Temporary accommodation for Prisoners.

or whenever from the outbreak of epidemic disease within any prison, or for any other reason, it is desirable to provide for the temporary shelter and safe custody of any prisoners.

Provision shall be made, by such officer and in such manner as the '[Provincial Government] may direct, for the shelter and safe custody in temporary prisons of so many of the prisoners as cannot be conveniently or safely kept in the prison.

1.    Subs, by A.O.. 19?7, for ' Local Government."
2.    Subs, by N. W. F. P. Act No. VI of 1977.
3.    Del. by A.O., 1949.

4.    Subs., for "Inspector General." by W.P. Ord. XXV of 1962. :uid (hen bv N. W.F.I'. Act No. VI of 1977.
PRISONS              Act IX i8<)4.
duties of officers

Control and duties of officers of Prisons.

8. All Officers of a prison shall obey the directions of the Super­intendent  all officers subordinate to the Jailer shall perform such duties as may be imposed on them by the Jailer with the sanction of the Superintendent or be prescribed by rules under section '[59]

Officers not to have business dealings with prisoners.

No officer of a prison shall sell or let, nor shall any   person in trust for or employed by him, sell or let or derive any benefit from sell­ing or letting, any article to any prisoner or have any money or other Business dealings directly or indirectly with any prisoner.

Officers not to be interested in prison-contracts.

10. No officer of a prison shall, nor shall any person in trust for or employed by him, have any interest, direct or indirect, in any contract for the supply of the prison ; nor shall he   derive any benefit directly or indirectly, from the sale or purchase of any article on   behalf of the prison or belonging to a prisoner.


II (1) Subject to the orders of the ^Inspector general of Prisons! the Superintendent shall manage the prison in all matters relating to discipline labour, expenditure, punishment and control.

(2) Subject to such general or special directions as may be given by the Provincial Government], the Superintendent of a prison other than a central prison or a prison situated in presidency town shall obey all orders not inconsistent with this Act or any rule thereunder which may be given respecting the prison by the District
Magistrate, and shall report '[through the Deputy Inspector-Ge Si to the '(Inspector General of Prison] all such orders and the action taken thereon.

1.    Subs, by A. O.. 1937, for "60".

2.      Subs. by W.P. Ord. XXV of 1962, for “Inspector General” and then subs. by N.W.F.P. Act No. VI of 1977.
3.    Subs   by A. O., 1937, for "Local Government.
4.    Ins  by VV. P. Act No. XI.1 of 1958.
5.      Subs, by W.P. Ord. XXV of 1962, for “Inspector General” and then subs, by N.W.F.P. Act VI of 1977.

Act IX 1894.                                                                                       PRISONS

12.    The  Superintendent shall   keep, or cause   to  be   kept,   the
following records:—

Records to be kept by Superintendent.

(1)   a register of prisoners admitted;
(2)   a book showing when each prisoner is to be released:
(3)   a punishment book for the en try  of the punishments in­flicted on prisoners for prison-offences;
(4)   a visitor's book for the entry of any observations made by the visitors touching any matters connected with the administration of the prison,
(5)   a record of the money and other articles taken from prison-
and all such other records as may be prescribed by rules under section
59 H    *    *    *   ].
Medical Officer

13. Subject to the control of the Superintendent , the Medical Officer shall have charge of the sanitary administration of the prison, and shall perform such duties as may be prescribed by rules made by the 2[Provincial Government] under section 3[59].

Duties of Medical Officer.

14. Whenever the Medical Officer has reason to believe that the mind of a prisoner is, or is likely to be, injuriously affected by the dis­cipline or treatment to which he is subjected, the Medical Officer shall report the case in writing to the Superintendent, together with such observations as he may think proper.

Medical Officer to report in certain cases.

15. On the death of any prisoner, the Medical Officer shall forth­with record in a register the following particulars, so far as they can be ascertained, namely:—
(1) the day on which the  deceased first complained of illness __     or was observed to be ill,

1.        The words and figures  "or section 60" rep. by A. O. 19.17.
2.        Subs, by A. O., 1937, for "Local Government".
3.        Subs  ibid-, for "60".

4       Ins. by W. P. Act No. XU of 1958.
5.  Subs, by W. P. Ord. XXV of 1962, for "Inspector General" and then subs by -
N.W.F.P. Act No. VI of 1977.


                                                   PRISONS                     Act IX 1894.

(2)   the labour, if any, on which he was engaged on that day,
(3)   the scale of his diet on that day,
(4)   the day on which he was admitted to hospital,
(5)   the day on which the Medical Officer was first informed of the illness,
(6)   the nature of the disease,
(7)   when the deceased was last seen before his death by the Medical Officer or Medical Subordinate,
(8)   when the prisoner died, and                                     
(9)   (in cases where a post-mortem examination is made) an account of the appearances  after death.
together with any special remarks that appear to the Medical Officer to be  required.



16.    (1)   The Jailer shall reside   in the prison, unless the Super­intendent permits him in writing to reside elsewhere.

(2) The Jailer shall not, without the J Inspector-General   of Prisons] sanction in writing, be concerned in any other employment.

Jailer to give notice of death of Prisoner.

    17.    Upon the death of a prisoner, the Jailer shall give immediate h notice thereof to the Superintendent and   the Medical Subordinate.

Responsibility of Jailer.

18. The Jailer shall be responsible for the safe custody of the re­cords to be kept under section 12, for the commitment warrants and all other documents confined to his care, and for the money and other articles taken from prisoners.

Jailer to be present at night.

19.    The Jailer shall not be absent from the prison for a night  with out permission in writing from the  Superintendent;   but. If absent without leave for a night from  unavoidable necessity,   he   shall-immediately report the fact and thecause of it to the Superintendent

1.   Subs, by W. P. XXV of 1962, for "Inspector General’s and then Subs, by N. W  F P Act No. VI of 1977.

20. Where a Deputy Jailer or Assistant Jailer is appointed to a prison, he shall, subject to the orders of the Superintendent, be competent to perform any of the duties, and be subject to all the res­ponsibilities, of a Jailer under this Act or any rule thereunder.

Powers of Deputy and Assistant Jailers.

Subordinate Officers

21. The officer acting as gate-keeper, or any other officer of the prison, may examine anything carried in or out of the prison, and may stop and search or cause to be searched any person suspect­ed of bringing any prohibited article into or out of the prison, or of carrying out any property belonging to the prison, and if any such article or property be found, shall give immediate notice thereof to the Jailer.

Duties of Gatekeeper.

22. Officers subordinate to the Jailer shall no* be absent from the prison without leave from the Superintendent or from the Jailer.

Subordinate officers not to be absent without leave.

23. Prisoners who have been appointed as officers of prisons shall be deemed to be public servants within the meaning of the Pakistan Penal Code.

Convict officers.

admission, removal and discharge of prisoners.

24. (1) Whenever a prisoner is admitted into prison, he shall be searched, and all weapons and prohibited articles shall be taken from him.

Prisoners to be examined on admission.

(2) Every criminal prisoner shall also, as soon as possible after admission, be examined under the general or special orders of the Medical Officer, who shall enter or cause to be entered in a book, to be kept by the Jailer, a record of the state of the prisoner's health, and of any wounds or marks on his person, the class of labour he is fit for if sentenced to rigorous imprisonment, and any observations which the Medical Officer thinks fit to add.
(3) In the case of female prisoners the search and examination shall D3 carried out by the matron under the general or special orders of the Medical Officer.

25. Al! money or other articles in respect whereof no order of a competent Court has been made, and which may with proper authority be brought into the prison by any criminal prisoner or sent to the prison for his use. shall be placed in the custody of the Jailer.

Effects of Prisoners.

                                          PRISONS                       Act IX 1894

Removal and discharge of Prisoners.

26.     (1) AH prisoners, previously to   being   removed to any other prison, shall be examined by the Medical Officer.

(2) No prisoner shall be removed from one prison to another unless the Medical Officer certifies that the prisoner is free from any illness rendering him unfit for remove!.
(3) No prisoner shall be discharged against his will from prison, if labouring under any acute or dangerous distemper, nor until, in the opinion of the Medical Officer, such discharge is safe.
discipline of prisoners

Separation of Prisoners.

27.    The    requisitions   of this Act  with respect to the separation of prisoners are as follows:—

(1) in a prison containing female as well as male prisoners, the females shall be imprisoned in separate buildings, or separate parts of the same building, in such manner as to prevent their seeing, or conversing or holding any inter­course with, the male prisoners;
(2)   in a prison where male prisoners under the age of i [twenty-one] are confined, means shall be provided for separating them altogether from the other prisoners and for separat­ing those of them who have arrived at the age of puberty from those who have not;
(3)   un-convicted criminal prisoners shall be kepi apart from convicted criminal prisoners: and
(4)   civil prisoners shall be kept apart from criminal   prisoners.

Association and segregation of Prisoners.

28.    Subject to the requirements of the last foregoing section, convicted  criminal prisoners may be confined in  association or indivi­dually in cells or partly in one way and party in the other.

Solitary confinement .

29. No ceil shall be used for solitary confinement unless it is furnished with the means of enabling the prison to communicate at any time with an officer of the prison, and every prisoner so confin­ed in a cell for more than twenty-four hours, whether as a punishment or otherwise, shall be visited at least once a day by the Medical Officer or Medical Subordinate.

1.    Subs, by the Prisons (Amd)  Act, 1930 (VIoH930),x. 2, for "eighteen"

Act IX 1894                                     PRISONS                                    

30. (1) Every prisoner under sentence of death shall, immediately on his arrival in the prison after sentence, be searched by, or by order of, the Jailer and £.11 articles shall be taken from him which the Jailer deems it dangerous or inexpedient to leave in his

Prisoners under sentence of death.

(2) Every such prisoner shall be confined in a cell apart from all other prisoners, and shall be placed, by day and by night, under the charge of a guard.
food, clothing and bedding of civil and unconvicted
criminal prisoners

31. A civil prisoner or an un-convicted criminal prisoner shall be permitted to maintain himself, and to purchase, or receive from private sources at proper hours, food, clothing, bedding or other necessaries, but subject to examination and to such rules as may be approved by the Inspector-General of Prisons].

Maintenance of certain Prisoners from Private sources.

32. No part of any food, clothing, bedding or other necessaries belonging to any civil or unconvinced criminal prisoner shall be given, hired or sold to any other prisoner; and any prisoner transgress­ing the provisions of this section shall Jose the privilege of purchasing food or receiving it from private sources, for such time as the Super­intendent thinks proper.

Restriction on transfer of food and clothing between certain Prisoners.

33. (!) Every civil prisoner and unconvinced criminal prisoner unable to provide himself with sufficient clothing and bedding shall be supplied by the Superintendent with such clothing and bedd­ing as may be necessary.

Supply of cloth-ing and bedding to civil and unconvinced criminal prisoner.

(2) When any civil prisoner has been committed to prisoner in execution of a decree in favour of a private person, such person, 01 his representative, shall, within forty-eight hours after the receipt by him of a demand in writing pay to the Superintendent the cost of the clothing and bedding so supplied to the prisoner ; and in default o such payment the prisoner may be released.
employment OF prisoners

34. (I) Civil prisoners may, with the Superintendent's per­mission, work and follow any trade or profession.

Employment of civil Prisoners.

1     Subs by W P. Ord. XXV of 1962, for "Inspector Genera! and then subs by N. W. F. P. Act '.Vo. VI of 1977.

                                              PRISONS                            Act IX1894
(2) Civil prisoners finding their own implements, and not maintained at the expense of the prison shall be allowed to receive the whole of their earnings; but the earnings of such as are furnished with implements or are maintained at the expense of the prison shall be subject to a deduction to be determined by the Superintendent, for the use of implements and the cost of maintenance.
35.     (1) No criminal  prisoner sentenced to labour or employed on labour at his own desire shall, except on an   emergency  with the sanction in writing of the Superintendent, be kept to labour  for more than   nine hour    in any one day.
(2) The Medical Officer shall from time to time examine the labouring prsioners while they are employed, and shall at least once in every fortnight cause to be recorded upon the history-ticket of each prisoner employed on labour the weight of such prisoner at the time.

(3) When the Medical Officer is of opinion that the health of any prisoner suffers from employment on any kind or class of labour, such prisoner shall not be employed on that labour but shall be placed on such other kind or class of labour as the Medical Officer may con­sider suited for him.

36. Provision shall be made by the Superintendent for the employment (as long as they so desire) of all criminal prisoners  sentenced to simple imprisonment; but no prisoner not sentenced to rigorous im­prisonment shall be punished for neglect of work excepting by such alteration in the scale of diet as may be established by the rules of the prison in the case of neglect of work by such a prisoner.
health of prisoners

37, (1) The names of prisoners desiring to see the Medical Sub­ordinate or appearing out of health in mind or body shall, without de­lay, be reported by the officer in immediate charge of such prisoners to the Jailer.

(2) The Jailer shall, without delay, call the attention of the Medical Subordinte? to any prisoners desiring to see him, or who is ill, or whose state of mind or body appears to require attention, and shall carry into effect all written directions given by the Medical Officer or Medical Subordinate respecting alterations of the discipline or treatment of any such prisoner.

Act IX 1894                                                                            PRISONS                                   

38. All directions given by the Medical Officer or Medical Subord­inate in relation to any prisoner, with the exception of orders for the supply of medicines or directions relating to such matters as art carried into effect by the Medical Officer himself or under his super­intendence, shall be entered day by day in the prisoner's history-ticket or in such other record as the[Provincial Government] may by rule direct, and the Jailer shall make an entery in its proper place stating in respect of each direction the fact of its having been or not having been complied with, accompanied by such observations, if any. as the Jailer thinks fit to make, and the date of the entry.

Record of directions of Medical Officers.

39.   In every prison £fn  hospital or proper place for the reception of sick prisoners  shall be provided.


visits   to prisoners

40. Due provision shall be made for the admission, at proper times and under proper restrictions, into every prison of persons with whom civil or uncompleted criminal prisoners may desire to commu­nicate, care being taken that so far as may be consistent with the interests of justice, prisoners under trial may see their duly qualified legal advisers without the presence of any other person.

Visits to civil and unconvinced criminal prisoners.

41.     (1) The Jailer may demand the name and address of any visit­
or to a prisoner, and, when the Jailer has any ground for  suspicion,
may search any visitor, or cause him to be    searched but the   search
shall not  be  made  in    the   presence  of     any    prisoner   or    of
another visitor.

Search of visitors.

(2) In case of any such visitor refusing to permit himself to be searched, the Jailer may deny him admission; and the grounds of such proceedings, with the particulars thereof, shall be entered in such record as the '[Provincial Government] may direct.
offences   in    relation    to   prisons

42. Whoever, contrary to any rule under section 2[59] introduces or removes or attempts by any means whatever to introduce or remove, into or from any prison, or supplies or attempts to supply to any prisoner outside the limits of a prison, any prohibited article,

Penalty for introduction or removal of prohibited articles into or from Prison and communication with prisoners.

  1. Subs, by A. O., 1937. for "Local Government.
  1. Subs, by A.O., 1937, for "60".

                                                PRISONS                                                      Act IX 1894.
And every officer of a prison who, contrary to any   such rule knowingly suffers any such article to be introduced into or removed from any prison, to be possessed   by any prisoner, or to be   supplied to any prisoner outside the limits of a prison,

and whoever, contrary to  any   such  rules, communicates or attempts to communicate with any prisoner,

and whoever abets any offence made punishable by this section, shall on conviction before a Magistrate, be liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding six months, or to fine not exceeding two hundred rupees, or to both.

43 When any person, in the presence of any officer of a prison, !r commits any offence specified in the last foregoing section, and refuses on demand of such officer to state his name and residence, overs a name or residence which such officer knows, or has reason to believe, to be false, such officer may arrest him, an shall without unnecessary delay make him over to a Police-officer, and thereupon such Police-officer, shall proceed as if the offence had been committed in his presence.

44 The Superintendent shall cause to be affixed, in a conspi­cuous ' place outside the prison, a notice in English and the Ver­nacular setting forth the acts prohibited under section-42 and the penalties incurred by their commission.

prison offences

45.   The following acts are declared to  be prison-offences when committed by a prisoner:-
(1) such wilful disobedience to any regulation of the  prison '  as shall have been declared by rules made under section 59 to be a prison-offence:

(2)   any assault or use of criminal force;

(3)   the use of insulting or threatening language;

(4)   immoral or indecent or disorderly behaviour;
(5}   wilfully disabling himself from labour;
Act IX1894                                     PRISONS                                        251
(6)   contumaciously refusing to work;

(7)   filing, cutting altering or removing handcuffs, fetters or bars without due  authority ;

(8) wilful idleness or negligence  at work by any prisoner sentenced to rigorous imprisonment.

(9) wilful mismanagement of work by any prisoner sentenced to rigorous imprisonment  ;

(10) wilful damage to prison-property ;

(11) tampering with or defacing history-tickets, records     or documents;

(12) receiving, possessing or transferring any prohibited article;

(13) feigning  illness;

(14) wilfully bringing a false accusation against any   officer or prisoner;

(15) omitting or refusing to report, as soon   as it comes to his knowledge, the occurrence of any fire, any plot or cons­piracy,  any escape, attempt or   preparation to escape, and any attack or preparation for attack upon any priso­ner or prison-official;   and

(16) conspiring to escape, or to assist in escaping, or to commit any other of the offences aforesaid.

46. The Superintendent may examine any person touching any such offence, and   determine   thereupon, and    punish    such    offence by-
(1) a formal warning  :

Explanation.-A formal warning shall mean a warn­ing personally addressed to a prisoner by the Super­intendent and recorded in the punishment book and on the prisoner's history-ticket ;

(2) change of labour to some more irksome or severe form 1 [for such period as may be prescribed by rules made by the 2 [Provincial Government] ;

1.    Ins. by s. 3 (a) of the Prisons (Amdt.) Act, 1925 (XVII of 1925),
2.    Subs, by A.O., 1937, for "Local Government."

                                                   PRISONS                    Act IX 1894.

(3)   hard labour for a period not exceeding seven days in the case of convicted criminal prisoners not sentenced to rigorous imprisonment;

(4)   such loss of privileges admissible under the, remission system for the time being in force as may be prescribed by rules made by the '[Provincial Government];

(5)   the substitution of gunny or other coarse fabric for cloth­ing of other material, not being woollen, for a period which shall not exceed three' months;
imposition of handcuffs of such pattern ind, weight, in such manner and for such period, as may* be prescribed by rules made by the '[Provincial Government];

(7)   imposition of fetters of such patter and weight,, in such manner and for such period, as may for prescribed by rules made by the '[Provincial Government];

(8)   separate confinement for any period not exceeding 2[three] months;

Explanation'--Separate confinement means such con­finement with or without labour as secludes a prisoner from communication with, but not from sight of, other prisoners, and allows him not less than one hour's exer­cise per diem and to have his meals in association with one or more other prisoners ;

(9)   penal diet, that is, restriction of diet in such manner and subject to such conditions regarding labour as maybe prescribed by the '[Provincial Government]:

Provided that such restriction of diet shall in no case be applied to a prisoner for more, than ninety-six consecutive hours, and shall not be repeated except for a fresh off­ence nor until after an interval of one week;

(10) cellular confinement for any period not exceeding four to u days:

Provided that after each period of cellular confine­ment an interval of not less duration than such period must elapse before the prisoner is again sentenced to cellular or solitary confinement;

1.    Subs, by A.O. 1937, for "Loco! Government".
2.   Subs, by Act XVII of 1925, for "Six".


Act IX 1894                                          PRISONS                                    

Explanation Cellular confinement means such con­finement with or without labour as entirely secludes a prisoner from communication with, but not from sight of, other prisoners;

l[(11)] penal diet as  defined   in   clause (9) combined   with
a[cellular] confinement ,3[   *    *    *       ]

1[I2)]whipping, provided that the number of stripes shall not exceed thirty:

Provided that nothing in this section shall render any female or civil prisoner liable to the imposition of any form of handcuffs or fetters, or to whipping.

4[47.(l)] Any two of the punishments enumerated in the last fore­going section may be awarded for any such offence in combination, subject to the following exceptions, namely:

(1)   formal warning shall not be combined with any other punishment except loss of privileges under clause (4) of that section;

(2)   penal diet shall not be combined with change of  labour under clause (2) of   that section, nor shall any additional period of penal diet a warded singly be combined with any period of  penal   diet   awarded   in   combination   with 5[cellular] confinement :
cellular confinement shall not be combined with separate confinement, so as to prolong the total period of seclusion to which the prisoner shall be liable;]
(4) whipping shall not be combined with any other form of punishment except cellular 7[and] separate confinement and loss of privilege admissible under the remission system;

1.      Original clause (11) was rep. and clauses (12) and (13) were renumbered as (II) and (12)
respectively, by Act XVII of 1925.
2.          Subs, ibid., for "solitary".
3.          The words "a* defined in clause (II)", rep., Ibid.
4.          The original section 47 was renumbered as section 47 (I), ibid.
5.          Subs., by the Prisons (Amdt] Act, i925 (XVII 01 1925), s. 2, for ' solitary".
6.          Subs, ibid', s. 3.

7.          Subs, by the Repeating and Amending Aci. IV14 <\) of 1914). s. 2 ; andd Sch, I,    for "or".
                                          PRISONS                                                 Act IX 1894.

1[ (5) no punishment will be combined with any other punishment in contravention of rules made by the 2[Provincial Government].

1[(2) No punishment shall be awarded for any such offence so as to combine, with the punishment awarded for any other such offen­ce, two of the punishments which may not be awarded in combina­tion for any such offence.]

Award of Punishment under sections 46 and 47.

48  (i) The Superintendent shall have power to award any of the punishments enumerated in the two last foregoing  sections, subject, in the   case   of  separate   confinement for a period exceeding   one month, to the previous confirmation of the 3[Inspector-General of Prisons]

(2) No officer subordinate to the  Superintendent shall have power to award any punishment whatever.

Punishment to be in accordance with foregoing sections.

49 Except by order of a Court of Justice, no punishment other 6 than the punishments specified in the foregoing sections shall be inflicted on any prisoner, and no punishment shall be inflicted on any prisoner otherwise than in accordance with the provisions of those sections.

Medical Officer to certify to fitness of prisoner for punishment.

50   (1) No punishment of penal diet, either singly or  in combination    or  of whipping,  or  of change  of labour   under section-46 «t clause (2) shall be executed until the prisoner to whom such punish­ment has been awarded has been  examined by the   Medical Officer, who if he considers the prisoner fit to undergo the punishment, shall certify accordingly in the appropriate column of the punishment-book prescribed in section 12.

(2) If he considers the prisoner unfit to undergo the punish­ment he shall in like manner record his opinion in writing and shall state whether the prisoner is absolutely until for punishment of the kind awarded, or whether he considers any modification necessary.
(3) In the latter case he shall state what extent of punishment he thinks the prisoner can undergo without injury to his health.

1.      Ins. by Act XVII of 1925.
2.      Subs, by A.O., 1937, for "Local Government".

3       Subs, by W. P. Ord. XXV of 1962. for" Inspector General and then subs by N. W. F. P Act No. VI of 1977.


51,    (1) In   the punishment book prescribed in   section 12  there 12shall be recorded, in respect of every punishment inflicted, the prisoner’s name, register numb.? and the class (whether habitual  or not) to which he belongs, the prison-offence of which he was guilty, the date on which such prison-offence was committed, the number of previous prison-offences recorded   against the   prisoner, and the date of his last prison-offence, the punishment awarded, and the date of inflic­tion.

Entries in Punishment book.

(2) In the case of every serious prison-offence, the names of the witnesses proving the offence shall be recorded, and, in the case of offences for which whipping is awarded, the Superintendent shall record the substance of the evidence of the witnesses, the defence of the prisoner, and the finding with the reasons therefor.

(3) Against the entries relating to each punishment the Jailer and Superintendent shall affix their initials as evidence of the correct­ness of the entries.


52. If any prisoner is guilty of any offence against prison discipline which, by reason of his having frequently committed such offences or otherwise, in the opinion of the Superintendent, is not adequately punishable by the infliction of any punishment which he has power under this Act to award, the Superintendent may forward such prisoner to the Court of the District Magistrate or of any Magistrate of the first class 1[ * * * ] having jurisdiction, together with a statement of the circumstances, and such Magistrate shall thereupon inquire into and try the charge so brought against the prisoner, and, upon conviction may sentence him to imprisonment which may extend to one year, such term to be in addition to any term for which such prisoner was undergoing imprisonment when he committed such off­ence, or may sentence him to any of the punishments enumerated in section 46:

Procedure on committal of heinous offence.

2Provided that any such case may be transferred for inquiry and trial by the District Magistrate to any Magistrate of the first class -'[.  *    *]":]   and

Provided also that no person shall be punished twice for   the same  offence.

1.      The words "or Presidency Magistrate" which were ins. by [ the Prisons (Amdt.) Act, 1910 (XIII of 1910), s, 2 (I) omitted by A.6., 1949.
2.      Subs, by the Prisons (Amdt,) Act 1910 (X1JI of 1910), s. 2 (2) for the original proviso.

3.    TU words " and by a Chief Presidency Magistrate to any other Presidency Magistrate" omitted b> A.O., 1949.


53. (1) No punishment of whipping shall be inflicted in instal­ments, or except in the presence of the Superintendent and Medical Officer or Medical Subordinate.

(2) Whipping shall be inflicted with a light ratan not less than half an inch in diameter on the buttocks, and in case of prisoners under the age of sixteen it shall be inflicted, in the way of school discipline, with a lighter ratan.

Offence by prison subordinates.

54, (1) Every Jailer or officer of a prison subordinate to him who shall be guilty of any violation of duty or wilful breach or neglect of any rule or regulation or lawful order made by competent auhority or who shall withdraw from the duties of his office without permission, or without having given previous notice in writing of his intention f<>r the period of two months, or who shall wilfully overstay any leave granted to him, or who shall engage without authority in any employment other than his prison-duty, or who shall be guilty of cowardice, shall be liable, on conviction before a Magistrate, to fine not exceeding two hundred rupees, or to im­prisonment for a period not exceeding three months, or to both.

(2) No person shall under this section   be punished twice for the  same  offence.

Extramural custody, control and employment of prisoners.

55. A prisoner, when being taken to or from any prison in which he may be lawfully confined, or whenever he is working outside or is otherwise beyond the limits of any such prison in or under the lawful custody or control of a prison-officer belonging to such prison, shall be deemed to be in prison and shall be subject to all the same incidents as if he were actually in prison.

Confinement in irons.

56. Whenever the Superintendent considers it necessary (with re­ference either to the state of the prison or the character of the prison­ers) for the safe custody of any prisoners that they should be confined in irons, he may, subject to such rules and instructions as may be laid down by the '[Inspector General of Prisons] with the sanction of the 2[Provincial Government], so confine them.

1.      Subs. by W. P. Ord. XXV of 1962 for "Inspector General" then   suts    by   NWFP Act No. VI of 1977.

2.Subs, by A.O., 1937, for "Local Government."
Act. IX 1894                                                                                      

57. (I) Prisoners under sentence of ' [imprisonment for life] may,, subject to any rules made under section 2[59], he confined in fetters for the first three months after admission to prison.
(2) Should the Superintendent consider it necessary, either for the safe custody of the prisoner himself or for any other reason, that fetters should be retained on any such prisoner for more than three months he shall apply to the '[Inspector-General .of Prisons} for san­ction to their retention for the period for. which he considers their retention necessary, and the 3[Inspector general of Prisons] may sanction such retantion accordingly.
58. No prisoner shall put in irons or under mechanical restraint by the Jailer of his own authority, except in case of urgent & out necessity, in which case notice thereof shall be forthwith given. to the Super­intendent.
59. 4[The Provincial Government] may make rules consistent with this Act—
(1) defining the act which shall constitute prison-offences ;
(2) determining the classification of prison-offences; serious and minor offences;
(3)   fixing the punishments admissible under this Act which shall be awardable for commission of prison-offences or classes thereof;
(4)   declaring the circumstances in which Acts constituting both ; prison-offence and an offence under the Pakistan Penal Code may or may not be dealt with as a prison-offence ;
(5)   for the award of mark;; and the   shortening of sentences ;; [so however, that a sentence of imprisonment for life is not shortened to a period of imprisonment less than   15 years];

1.    Subs, by Ord. XII of" 1972, for "transportation".
2.    Subs, by A. O., 1937, for -60".
3.    Subs, by W.P. Ord. XXV of 1962, for " lusnector General'  then subs  by N. W. F. P. ActNo. VTof N77.
4.      Subs, ibid., for "The G. G. ;a C. iuay foriiiy part of EritiihIndia, unJ each Local Govern­ment with the previous sanction of the G. G. in C. may for the territories under its administration".
5.      in, by Ord. \11 of 1972.



                                              Prisons                             Act. IX 1894
(6)   regulating the use of arms against any prisoner or body of prisoners in the case of an outbreak or attempt toes-cape ;
(7)   defining the circumstances and regulating the conditions under which prisoners in danger of death may be released;
l[(8) for the classification of prisons, and description and construction of wards, cells and other places of detention:
(9)   for the regulation by numbers, length or character of sen­tences, or otherwise, of the prisoners to be confined in each class of prisons ;]
(10) for the Government of prisons and for the appointment of all officers appointed under this Act ;
(11) as to the food, bedding and clothing of criminal prisoners and of civil prisoners maintained otherwise than at thier own cost ;
(12) for the employment, instruction and control of convicts within or without prisons ;
(13) for defining articles the introduction or removal of which into or out of prisons without due authority is prohibited ;
(14) for classifying and prescribing the forms of labour and regulating the periods of rest from labour ;
(15) For regulating the disposal of the proceeds of the employ­ment of prisoners;
(16) for regulating the confinement in fetters of prisoners sentenced to 2[imprisonment for life] ;
(17) for the classification and the separation of prisoners:
(18) for regulating the confinement of convicted criminal prisoners under section 28:

(19) for the preparation and maintenance of history-tickets ;

(20) for the selection and appointment of prisoners as officers of prisons;

1.   Subs, by A.O., 1947, for the original clauses (8) and (9).
2.   Subs, by Ord. XII of 1972, for "transportation".



Act. IX \W4                                        Prisons

(21)  for rewards for good conduct..

(22) for regulating the transfer of prisoners whose term of 1[imprisonment for life or shorter]or imprisonment is about to expire, subject, however, to the consent of the Provincial Government of any other province to which a prisoner is to be transferred. 

(23) for the treatment, transfer and disposal of criminal lunatics or recovered criminal lunatics confined in prisons;

(24) for regulating the transmission of appeals and petitions from prisoners and their communications with their friends ;

(25) for the appointment and guidance of visitors of   prisons;

(26) for extending any or all of the provisions of this Act and of the rules there under to subsidiary jails or special places of confinement appointed under section 541 of the 2Code of Criminal Procedure, 1 882, and to the officers employed , and the prisoners confined, therein :

(27) in regard to the admission, custody, employment, dieting, treatment and release of prisoners: and

(28) generally for carrying into effect the purposes of this Act.

61. Copies of rules, under -'[section] so far as they  affect the government of prisons, shall be exhibited both in English and in the vernacular, in some place to which    all persons  employed within a prison   have access. 

62. All or any of the powers and duties conferred an<l imposed by this Act on a Superintendent or Medical Officer may in his absence he exercised and performed by- such other Officer as the 4[Provincial Government] may appoint in this behalf ; "'either by name or by his official designation .

Repealing Act, 1938 (/o/1938);s. 2

1.      Subs, by Ord. XU of 1972 for "Transportation"
2.           Now the Code of Criminal  Procedure,  1898 (V of  1898).
3       Subs- by A.O., 1937, for "section 59 and 60”

4.       Subs, ibid, for “Local Government.”

(Act No. VITT   of 1897),
1.    Title and exient:
2—3.    [Repealed].
4.    Definitions.


5.    Power to establish and discontinue Reformatory Schools.

6.    Requisites of schools.

7.    Inspection of Reformatory Schools.

8.    Power of Courts to direct youthful offenders to  be  sent  to Reformatory Schools.

9. Procedure where Magistrate is not empowered to pass an order
under  section  8.                                               .

10. Power of Magistrates to direct boys under fifteen sentenced to imprisonment to be sent to Reformatory Schools.

11    Preliminary     inquiry     and finding   as to age of youthful offender.

12. Government   to   determine   Reformatory School to   which such offenders shall be sent.

13.    Persons found to be over eighteen years not to be detained in Reformatory Schools.

14.    Discharge or removal by order of Government.

15.    Agreement  between  Provinces.

16.    Certain orders not subject to appeal or revision.

III — management of reformatory schools

17. Appointment of Superintendent and Committee of   Visitors or Board of Management.

18.   Superintendent may license youthful offenders to employ­ers of labours.

19.  Cancellation of license.

20.  Determination of license.

21.  Cancellation of license in case of ill-treatment.

22.   Superintendent to be deemed guardian   of  youthful offenders.
Power to apprentice youthful offender.

23.   Duties of Committee of Visitors.

24.   Powers of Board of Management.

25. Power to appoint Trustees or other Managers of a school to be a Board of  Management.

26. Power of Board to make rules. IV   offences fn    relation  to   reformatory    schools

27. Penalty for introduction or removal or supply of pro­hibited articles and communication with youthful offen­ders.

28.    Penalty for abetting escape  of youthful offender.

29.    Arrest of escaped youthful offender.


30.    [Repealed].

31. Power to deal in other ways with youthful offenders inclu­ding girls.

32. Procedure when youthful offender under detention in a Reformatory School is again convicted and sentenced.


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